c) Relative Simultaneity: Reconciliation
arguments employing relative simultaneity fall into the a) or b) categories,
but are worth a quick look. Basically the claim is that the difference in what
the twins observe/calculate as being simultaneous causes the NPTD. This is a
good example of erroneously mixing observed time with proper time. This
difference in what is seen to be simultaneous doesn’t seem to provide any
physical mechanism for changing accumulated proper times. If one reset one’s
clock depending on how one’s view of simultaneity changed or differed, then
that would affect his clock’s reading, but even there that does not change
proper time accumulation.
d) NATURE OF SPACETIME OR KINEMATICS OF
SPACETIME: This is probably a valid explanation of the NPTD,
however, it is very vague and as stated doesn’t reconcile the NPTD with currently
accepted theory. What’s needed is some specificity about what characteristic or
property of currently accepted theory’s spacetime
and/or kinematics is being referenced. Despite multiple requests no such
specificity has been forthcoming from those who favor this “solution” - in fact, all likely
currently accepted theory candidates have already been tried and abandoned.
e) Cannot Tell How NPTD Accumulates: This
is the new, in vogue response to the question, “How does the NPTD accumulate?” We agree that, in the context of currently
accepted theory, one cannot describe the physics of how the NPTD accumulates.
The disagreement is that the mainstream contends that the answer to that
question is inherently unknowable or meaningless. Whereas we contend that the
answer is knowable and straightforward, but it requires the construct of a
unique (physics) frame where velocity with respect to that frame causes clock
Don't Be Put Off
Often a physics professor will
try to avoid questions on this topic with something like:
a) “Asking that question shows you don’t
understand Special Relativity!”: This is done without articulating what was misunderstood
or how it should have been understood instead. Don't be intimidated - this device has been
used on professors who had clearly analyzed the theory and the paradox more deeply than the
relativist and who articulated the problem/contradiction quite accurately.
After attempts to use Special Relativity were abandoned, “You don’t understand General Relativity!” became the new
catch phrase. It would have been nice if they added, “I guess Dingle and other critics did understand Special Relativity” at the very
b) “Read Jones’ book …”:
This is vague enough to be difficult to disprove. You need to press for a
c) “This is settled science,
I’m too busy, just read the textbook”: They may well be very busy and/or
reluctant to tackle this topic. However,
if you’ve researched this topic and have a probing question and are ready
for the standard replies, the professor, as teacher, owes you an honest answer.
“I have to
do my taxes”: One of us received this response when the contradiction in the
professor’s position became apparent to him. It would have been OK for him to
go do his taxes, if he’d have ever returned.
Spacetime physics is overdue for a paradigm change. Who's going to make it happen?
Science Revolutions: J. T. Wilson, a geologist involved in the shift to continental drift and
a student of the history of science, wrote the following about revolutions in science,
"In each case the great event marking the revolution revealed contradictions and introduced problems
which the old system could not resolve, leading to a period of confusion. For the most part it was not
experts but rebels, outsiders and interlopers from other fields of science who suggested the need for a
revolution and produced the evidence supporting it. Thus most geologists continued to oppose the concept
of continental drift long after Wegener (a meteorologist) had championed it, after physicists had provided
key evidence supporting it and after many of the public had accepted it.
So, far from welcoming new ideas, the establishment who had the most to lose, clung for as long as possible
to the old, justifying their position by questioning the new data, discrediting those who advanced them,
and trying to patch up the old theories. In these endeavours they frequently found themselves supporting
quite illogical positions. Before each revolution was accepted, the state of the subject had become chaotic,
but each solved many problems so that the ensuing periods were times of great scientific progress and
[Continental drift was first suggested by Abraham Ortelius in 1596, but was not accepted by geologists for
350 years until around 1950 and then it was soon further refined by the construct of plate tectonics.]
1) J. T. Wilson, Nature 265, 196 (1977)
as quoted by I. McCausland, A Scientific Adventure: Reflections on the Riddle of Relativity, pg 173 (Aperion 2011)
The same logic that forced Einstein and relativists to abandon using Special Relativity's time dilation as the cause of an asymmetric net proper time difference in the Twin Paradox also precludes using time dilation to explain any asymmetric net proper time difference. Since GPS, Hafele-Keating and much other data shows that there is asymmetric clock retardation as a function of velocity with respect to a unique (local) frame - another explanation, outside of relativity, must be found to explain this velocity dependent data.
It's important for students to understand these straightforward facts and also for students to get their physics professors to answer the questions on Time Dilation on the Open Letter On Special Relativity page.
See the original Twin Paradox Open Letter
Dingle, Science at the Crossroads (Martin Brian & O'Keeffe, 1972), p. 129. Downloadable from the NPA - Click Here
T. Van Flandern,
Aperion, 10 #1, 69 (2003) - see paper
C. S. Unnikrishnan, Current Science, Vol. 89, No. 12, p. 2008 (2005) – see article
F. Selleri, LA RELATIVITA' DEBOLE
La fisica dello spazio e del tempo senza paradossi (Melquiades, Milano 2007-2010)
[The online English version, "Weak Relativity", click to view]
G.O Mueller, 95 Years of Criticism of the Special Theory of Relativity (1908-2003); AVAILABLE ON LINE:
- English Translation
- English Version of Catalogue of Errors for Both Theories of Relativity (Translator Rothwell Bronrowan)
- Absolute Magnitude of the Special Theory of Relativity Chapter 9 – The Thought Experiment (Translator Rothwell Bronrowan)
- International Reception of GOM Project
- Original German Version
European Site 1
European Site 2 (In German)
G.O Mueller, Max Planck und der Verrat an der Wissenschaft [In German with computer translation available.]
L. Essen (Prof. Lord L. Essen, known as the "Time Lord" as he was the acknowledged leader in time measuremnt for his era), Relativity- Joke or Swindle?